Hotlinks and Persistent CSRF

[Hotlinking] is the placing of a linked object, often an image, from one site into a web page belonging to a second site. The second site is said to have an inline link to the site where the object is located. Inline linking is also known as hotlinking, leeching, direct linking or bandwidth theft – wikipedia

Around the web:

Hotlinking has been around for ages, and the attack vector shown in this paper is not new either; I merely take two known attacks and merge them to create a super dangerous client side attack that is persistent!

I released the Web Hacking 2.0 mindmap at the beginning of this year (2007). Someone from the Phoenix OWASP chapter liked the idea and posted it on I have no problem with this, although an email saying how and where my work was to be used would have been nice. Enough of that, the point here is to demonstrate the concept of exploiting hotlink trust relationships. This is the primary problem with hotlinking. Site 1 is creating bandwidth problems for Site 2, however, Site 2 is now in a position of trust (persistent).

Two possible attacks are as follows:

  • Attack 1: We deface the page with a lovely picture of stallowned
  • Attack 2: We setup a 302 or 304 redirect on my web server with the image filename used on the site who’s trust we are exploiting. The redirect exploits a CSRF vulnerability. Everytime the page is loaded, the CSRF attack is executed. This is now persistent! Everytime a user loads the Site 1, our CSRF attack is executed.

Lets take this concept a little further. If the site is hotlinking an object or iframe type, it is now possible to turn a reflective XSS attack into a persistent XSS attack. For this attack we require both a reflective XSS vulnerability and a hotlink. What’s really neat and tidy is that an attacker can display the correct object after exploitation, remaining completely invisible to the user.

Our malicious redirects are as follows:

Redirect 302 /a.jpg
Redirect 302 ^/flashobj.swf$ http://site/trusted.html?<script>alert(1)

This attack concept is a security catastrophe especially when taking Web 2.0 which is designed around this form of trust.

In summary, don’t hotlink. Rather download the file onto your local server, although with Web 2.0, this will become increasingly difficult.

Web servers can enable hotlinking protection to prevent this; however, since alot of browsers now restrict the referrer field, this security method will not really help.

Thanks to pdp (architect) for allowing me to bounce ideas off him.


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How to Factory Reset Windows 10

Factory Reset feature in Windows 10 is of great value if your Windows is behaving strangely. Your system may be running slower, or you are facing crashes or unusual behaviour of the system.

There may be bugs in your system. To fix the errors, you need to remove the recently installed programs. You also need to run an antivirus scan to check for the malicious bugs. Well! It is a time-consuming process. So, instead of all these, just use Factory Reset feature to bring your Windows in working condition again.

Factory Reset removes all of the recently installed apps and tools. It also removes the files, images, videos and everything that is causing an error in your PC. Here is how to use Factory Reset tool in Windows 10.

Type “Reset” in Cortana Search bar. It will show you “Reset this PC” in the search results. Select it to go ahead.
Here, you will see “Reset this PC” in Recovery tab. Select “Get Started” tab on it.
Get Started Tab
Now you will see “Choose an Option” window where you will find two options. If you want a surface cleaning of the system, just use “Keep my files” option from here.

Such as, it will remove your tools and programs, but does not affect the settings. It will also remove the downloaded programs (whether downloaded from Windows Store or any other online source). In a nutshell, it refreshes the system within a few minutes and gives you a fresh and smooth system.

If you want a deep cleaning, select “Remove everything” from this page. It removes not only the downloaded programs but also deletes the settings and all documents on your system.

It is indeed the best choice if your PC is running slower or it is stuck. To cut a long story short, it provides you with a system as you get after a clean installation.
Options to Factory Reset
It depends on your choice what you select. So, make a choice to proceed, and that’s all.

How to Disable Windows 10 Automatic Update

Windows Update Automatic Install feature is very useful and automatically installs important updates in your system.

You do not need to spend energy and time to install the updates manually. In some cases, This feature becomes irritating.

Suppose! You are in a hurry to discuss some important professional matters on Skype, or you want to check your company’s latest reports on the site.

As you turn on the system, you encounter the blue screen of downloading and installing Windows Updates. It becomes unbearable at that moment.

Although Windows Updates are paramount for your system’s security, in some emergency situations you can’t tolerate delay. In such cases, it becomes necessary to disable Windows 10 Automatic Update feature. Whenever you are free, you can install updates manually.

Luckily, there are various ways you can use to disable Windows 10 Automatic Update utility. Here I am going to discuss with you all of them. So, without much ado, let’s move towards the guide.

Turn On Metered Connection

Microsoft introduced a feature known as “Metered Connection” in Win 10. It is for the people who are using a limited data package. So, metered connection feature restricts the usage of data. It is how to activate it.

Go to the “Start” button and select “Settings” from there.

Now choose “Network & Internet” category from Settings menu.

Click the active network connection and select “Advanced Options” from here.
Advanced Options tab
In the next window, you will see “Metered connection” feature. Turn it on to save your data.
Metered Connection Menu
Disable Windows Update Service in Command Prompt

You can disable the Windows Automatic Update service by using Command Prompt too. Follow the instructions below to perform this action.

Right-click the “Start” button to display its contextual menu. Select “Command Prompt (Admin) from here.
Now type here “net stop wuauserv” and press Enter.

Occasionally, this service starts automatically on the Windows Startup. So you need to type another command “sc config wuauserv start=disabled” and press Enter.

(Whenever you want to enable the Windows Update service, type the command “net start wuauserv” and press Enter)

Use Group Policy

You can use Group Policy to disable Windows 10 Automatic Updates by using the instructions below.

Press “Windows + R” keys to launch the “Run” box. Type “gpedit.msc” and press Enter to proceed.

Click “Computer Configuration” to expand it and select “Administrative Templates” from here.

Now click “Windows Components” to expand it and select “Windows Update. In the right pane, you will see Windows Update content.

Scroll down the list and double-click “Configure Automatic Update” to get into its menu.
Configure Automatic Update in Local Group Policy
Now, select “Enabled” from the left pane to enable the preferred settings below. Now select “Auto download and notify for install” from the drop-down menu of Options and click “OK” to save your preferences.
Auto Download and Notify for install Enabled

That’s all guys. Try these methods and disable this feature to have an undisturbed system. But, try to manually download the updates in free time. It will keep your system security maintained and risk-free.

How to Uninstall Programs in Windows 10

If you have downloaded an unwanted program from a site and it is interrupting the functionality of your system, you just rush to uninstall it quickly.

Thanks to Microsoft that introduced different straightforward ways to uninstall programs in Windows 10. In the previous versions of Windows, there were no direct ways to perform this task.

But now you can do it in different ways. Let’s see what you can do in this context.

Uninstall the Programs from the Start Menu
The start menu is the combination of Windows 10 default programs and the typical desktop apps. You can uninstall an unwanted app from here by following the steps below.

Click the “Start” to view its menu.

Select “All Apps” from here. It will show you the list of installed apps.
Start Menu Apps
Right-click one program you want to remove from the system and select “Uninstall” from its context menu.
Uninstall Option for App
A confirmation message will appear. Show your consent, and the program is successfully removed.

Use Command Prompt (Admin)
It is again an effortless way to uninstall programs from Win 10. Here is how you can do so.

Right-click to the “Start” button to display its WinX menu. Select “Command Prompt (Admin) from the list.

Here, type a command “msiexec /(name of the program.msi” and press Enter. I have used “name of the program” in this command. You need to replace it with the program name. For example, If you want to uninstall Skype, the command should be “msiexec /Skype.msi.”

So, use it wisely. Now, Windows Installer pops up. You need to select “OK” to finish the Uninstallation process for your desired application.
Uninstall Program in CMD
Uninstall Program By Using Settings
You can uninstall any app from the Settings menu too. If you are unable to look for the program you want to uninstall in the Start menu, delete it by using the Settings menu.

Go to the “Start” menu and select “Settings” from here.

Select “System” category from here.

In the left pane, select “Apps & Features” to display its content. It will show you the list of apps in your system. Choose the app you want to remove.

Click the option “Uninstall” below. A notification window will appear to inform you that all of its content will be deleted. Select “Yes” to move ahead.
Uninstall App in Settings
Uninstall From the Control Panel
Delete a program by using the Control Panel is a traditional way in Windows. Keep in your mind one thing. This method is only for the removal of the apps and programs you have installed in Win 10. It does not delete the Windows 10 Apps. Here is how to use it.

Right-click the “Start” button and click “Control Panel” from here.

In the Control Panel menu, select “Programs and Features” category.

Here appears the list of installed programs. You can select the one you want to remove and click “Uninstall” option above.
Delete Bloatware
It will show you a confirmation message. Show your consent by clicking “Yes.” The application wizard will start its work to remove your desired app from the system.

Uninstall From Its Location in C Drive
If you know the location of the unwanted program in C Drive, you can delete it from there. Usually, it is beneficial when you encounter a malicious program.

Often, all of your efforts become futile to remove it by using the above-discussed methods.

You are unable to remove a malicious program by using the Control Panel, Command Prompt or by using the Settings.

It shows an error, and sometimes it indicates that the system is unable to delete this program as it is in use. In such annoying situations, you can use this method to eliminate that irritating program.

Go to the “Windows Explorer” and click “C” Drive to launch it. Here, you need to select “Program Files (x86)” from the list.

In this folder, you need to look for the program icon. Double-click to open as you find it.

You will see its “Uninstall” option here. Choose it to launch the Uninstall Wizard.
Uninstall in C Drive
(If you see its “.exe” file, you need to right-click and select “Delete” option from the context menu. If you see a file with “.msi” extension, you need to delete it by using the Command Prompt)
Reboot the system to save the changes.

Use PowerShell To Remove Apps

Some specific applications and programs have been designed for Windows 8.1 and the latest version of Windows. If you want to remove them from the system, you cannot apply the traditional ways as I have discussed above.

Such as the applications like Photos, Calendar or Mail, etc. cannot be deleted by using the Settings or Control Panel methods. These are removed in PowerShell only.

It is a blue screen tool that resolves almost all of the administrative issues. Here is how to use it for removing the programs in Win 10.

Come to the “Cortana Search Assistant” and type “PowerShell” in its search bar. You will see it in the search results. Select it.

Now, being ignorant of the app’s Package Name, you need to type “Get – AppxPackage” and press Enter
It will show you the list of all of the apps and programs with the full names on the top.

Look for the app you want to remove. For example, if you want to delete “Photos” app, see the list to find it. As you get its name, see the “PackageFullName” option in it.
Find Program Name in PowerShell
Now type “Remove-AppxPackage” with the “PackageFullName” in PowerShell to delete this program from Windows 10. For example,Delete Unwanted Program in PowerShell if you want to delete “Photos” from the system, you need to type “Remove-AppxPackage Microsoft.Windows.Photos_17.313.10010.0_x64_8wekyb3d8bbwe” and press Enter.

It will uninstall it from the system.

You can uninstall any program by using the PowerShell. I would advise you not to uninstall “Windows Store.” This program brings you all of the universal apps.

If you delete this program, you cannot install/reinstall any universal app later. So, uninstall any unwanted app, except Windows Store. Don’t touch it.

If you intentionally or unintentionally uninstalled it, the only way to get this program back in Windows 10 is the clean installation of Win 10. That’s why leave it aside and do not try to uninstall it.

How to Make Windows 10 Faster

If you are sick of your formerly brighter and faster Windows 10 for being slower now, there may be different factors contributing to make it slower. Well! Whatever is the reason.

You need to make it faster as it was earlier when you installed it. Here is how you can make it faster by putting a little pep back to its former shine.

Use Disk Cleanup Utility (Most Working Solution)
Disk cleanup utility improves the performance of your system and also gives you more space on the drive. It deletes all of the junk files, delivery optimization files and other temporary files littering the drive. It is how you can run this utility.

Go to the “Control Panel” and select “Administrative Tools” from here.

In the list of tools, double-click “Disk Cleanup” to choose the drive you want to clean. Usually, it is “C” drive where you install Windows. That’s why you need to select “C” drive from here.
C Drive Cleanup
Disk Cleanup will start calculating the space you can free up. Wait for a while until it completes the process of calculating the space it will free up.

Once the Disk Cleanup window opens, you need to check all of the checkboxes delete these files from the C drive and select “OK.”

A confirmation message appears on the screen where you need to select “Delete Files” to delete them permanently.
It’s amazing! You will experience a better performance of Win 10 now. Isn’t it cool?

Disable the Transparency of Colors
When the transparency is toggled on, it occupies some disk resources. Hence, by toggling it off, you can make Win 10 a bit faster. Do the followings to disable it.

Go to the “Start” menu and select “Settings” from here.

In the Settings Menu, click “Personalization” to move ahead.

Here, in the left pane, choose “Colors” to display its menu in the right pane. Scroll down the page and turn off the “Make Start, Taskbar, and action centre transparent” option.
Transparency of Colors
Disable Special Effects
The Special Effects is a built-in feature of Windows 10. This feature is by default enabled. You need to disable it for a faster Windows 10.

Right-click the Start to launch its WinX menu. Select “System” from here.

Select “Advanced system settings” from the left pane.

In the System Properties window, select the “Advanced” tab and click “Settings” under the Performance category.

The Performance Options window appears on the screen. Here, in the “Visual Effects” tab, you need to select the radio button “Adjust for best performance” and choose “OK” to save your preferences. (If you think that you cannot live without the special effects, just uncheck the visual effects that do not make a difference to you and click “OK” finally)

Adjust Visual Effects
Turn Off Startup Programs
When you activate the system, some programs start up automatically. These startup apps can make your system a bit slower.

You need to turn these programs off so that they could not start up automatically and thus; you could enjoy a faster Windows 10. It is how you can do so.

Right-click the “Start” button and select Task Manager from here.

Choose “Startup” tab to view the Startup programs. Here, right-click one application and select “Disable” from the context menu. You need to observe the programs taking up Drive’s massive resources and disable all of them.
Turn off Startup ProgramsRun Troubleshooter
If you want to improve the performance of Windows 10, you need to run “Troubleshooter” for this purpose. The troubleshooter utility will detect and fix any problem that is causing to slow down your Windows.

So, it helps make Win 10 faster. Follow the instructions below to run a Troubleshooter.
Right-click the “Start” button and select “Control Panel” from the WinX menu.

Click “Security and Maintenance” category from Control Panel.

Here, you need to select “Troubleshoot” as shown in the image below.

Now, choose “System and Security” from here to launch “Troubleshoot” window.
Troubleshooter Utility
Lessen the Boot Menu Timeout
The boot menu is basically the menu that appears for a few seconds when you boot the system. It gives you a few moments if you want to run Windows in Safe Mode.

You need to lessen this duration to make a difference to Win 10 speed. It is usually set to half a minute, but you can make it like 15 seconds.

Go to the “Control Panel” and select “System” category. Here, go to the “Advanced system settings” option that lie in the left pane.

The “System Properties” window appears now. Here, you need to select “Settings” under “Startup and Recovery” section.
Startup & Recovery Settings
You need to lessen the time from 30 to 15 seconds for “Time to display a list of operating systems” and click “OK” to save the changes.
Lessen time out for display OS
(You can reduce the time as more as you want. It may be 10 or 5 seconds only depending on your choice)

Don’t Allow any Tips & Suggestions
Another useful step to make Windows 10 faster is that you should turn off the “Tips and Suggestions” option. I know that it leaves only a little impact on performance, but little drops make a great sea. So, turn it off by following the steps below.

Go to the “Start” menu and select “Settings” from here.

In the Settings menu, choose “System” to view its content.

In the left pane, you will see the category “Notifications and actions.” Click to see its menu. In the right pane, turn off the option “Get tips, tricks and suggestions as you use Windows.” That’s all.

Remove bloatware
Everything you see online, you install to your system so that you could use it later. But that moment never comes. So, the said bloatware needs to be uninstalled from the system now.

May be some apps are corrupted or did not installed correctly. Due to these apps, you will face a slower system. That’s why uninstall them and make your Win 10 speedier.

Right-click the “Start” menu and select “Control Panel” from there.

In Control Panel menu, choose “Programs and Features” category.

It will take you to the “Uninstall or Change a Program” feature. Here, select the unwanted program and click “Uninstall” option above.
Delete Bloatware
Now close the window, and that’s all.

Change Power Plan
If you are using a Power Saver plan, that will also cause some extra Disk usage. So, you need to change the Power Plan. The Windows will ultimately show good performance.

It is how you can do so.

Go to the “Control Panel” and choose “Hardware and Sound” category from there.

You need to select “Power Options” from the next window. Now check which plan you have recently selected.

If it is “Power Saver,” you need to change it with High-Performance plan. You can also select “Balanced” plan.

Reboot the System
If Windows 10 has become slower or it is stuck, you need to restart the system. There may be a temporary glitch that is causing this issue. So, a simple reboot resolves many temporary errors.

So guys! Try these methods to make your Win 10 faster and let me know how helpful my tips were for you.

How to Print Screen on Windows 10

Print screen is one of the most useful functions in every Windows. While working on a system, if you encounter an error, just take a screenshot of the error page and send it to the relevant person.

It becomes easy for him to understand the nature of the error while looking at the screenshot. In previous versions of Windows, it was quite easy for a user to take a screenshot.

A new user of Windows 10 may find it difficult to take a screenshot because it is quite a new version of Windows with greater apps and functions.

Here, you will find different ways to Print Screen in Windows 10. I am not sure which one works for you depending on the edition of Windows 10 you are using.

For the PC Users
If you are using the PC and not using a laptop, you need to follow the shortcuts below to Print Screen.

To Capture the Entire Screen
Observe the keyboard. You will find “Prnt Scrn” key on it. Just press this key to capture the entire screen and copy it to the “Paint” program.

You can also use “Ctrl + Prnt Scrn” combination of keys to capture the screen and save it automatically to the Clipboard.

Open a Picture editing program like “Paint” and paste in it. Assign a name to this image and save it.
Without Using a Picture Editing Program

Without Using Picture Editing Tool
If you want to take and save a screenshot automatically to the Hard Drive without using an image editing tool, just follow the method below.

Press “Windows + Prnt Scrn” combination of keys to take and save the screenshot direct to the hard drive. You do not need to paste it in the image editing program.

After using this method, when you go to the “Documents” folder, you will find the “Screenshots” there. It will save as “Screenshot(1), Screenshot(2)” etc.
Without Using Image Editor
For Laptop Users
If you are using Windows 10 on a laptop, observe the keyboard. You will find “Fn” key next to the “Windows” key. If you have this key on the keyboard, it works like a lock to the Prnt Scrn key.

So, the “Prnt Scrn” key will not function without using the “Fn” key. Use the following methods to Print Screen on a laptop with Windows 10.

Capture the Whole Screen
Press “Fn + Prnt Scrn” keys to capturing the entire screen. Open the Paint or any other image editing program and paste it there. You can save it by assigning a name. It works same like “Prnt Scrn” key works for the PC Users.

Without Using an Image Editor Program
If you want to Print Screen without using an image editor like Paint, you need to follow the instructions below.
Use the “Fn + Windows + Prnt Scrn” combination of keys at the same time to capture the entire screen.

You do not need to paste it somewhere manually. This screenshot is saved automatically on the hard drive. If you open the “Documents” folder, you will get it there.

Print only the Active Screen
Suppose, you have opened different programs at the same time and you want to capture the screen of active window only. For this purpose, you need to use the following method.

Press “Fn + Alt + Prnt Scrn” to capture the active Window only. You do not need to crop or edit the useless areas of other windows now.

Just use this command and paste the screenshot into an image editing program and that’s it. It does not waste your time.

Snipping Tool
Confused about using the above-discussed techniques? Well! No issues. You can use the built-in program to print screen in Windows 10.

It is known as “Snipping Tool.” This tool works for all Windows 10 users. It does not make any difference whether you are using Windows 10 on a PC or a Laptop. Go ahead.

Go to the “Cortana” search bar and type “Snipping” in it. You will see the “Snipping Tool” in the search results. Select it from there.

As it opens, you will see the “New” option on it. Go to the Window you want to capture and click “New” from the Snipping Tool. It will fade the active window. You need to crop the required area by using the mouse cursor.
Snipping Tool
Once you have done, just paste it to your desired image editor software and save it by assigning it a name.
Screenshot in Snipping ToolThat’s all buddies! Try the above-discussed methods to Print Screen in Windows 10. Some of them will of course work in previous versions of Windows.

How to Remove Password from Windows 10 Lock screen

With the launch of Windows 10, all of the remnants of Windows 8 have gone to the past. With the latest features and programs, it works on the same pattern like Windows 7.

The only remnant of Windows 8 you can see in Windows 10 is the Lock screen. When you log into Windows 10, you need to type a password on the Lock screen to get into the Windows.

If it is a multi-user PC, the situation becomes too irritating. Every time you login, you can’t proceed without entering the password on the Lock screen. Remember that we’re discussing here about Home screen lock not folder and files lock, if you’re finding a way to unlock folders, then let me explain here quickly, if you’ve used any tool to lock folder e.g folder lock by NewSoftwares then the same software can be used to unlock the folder, while if you’ve done it manually then check this tutorial to unlock it.

Don’t worry at all. You can remove the password that creates a hindrance in your way forward. Here is how to remove the password in Windows 10 Lock screen.

Method # 1: User Accounts Operation
You need to change the settings from the User Accounts properties to remove the password from Lock screen. Here is how to do so.

Press “Windows + R” keys to launch the “Run” dialogue box. Type “netplwiz” and press Enter to launch User Accounts window.

Here, you need to select the username you use to log in the Windows and uncheck the box for “Users must enter a username and password to use this computer” option. Click to “Apply” to save the changes.
User Accounts Menu
Now a new window opens where you need to insert the password in “Password” and “Confirm Password” boxes. Click “OK” once it is done.

Now you will not see the lock screen password option when you log in next time. It will directly take you to the Windows. Happy now?

Method # 2: Disable LockApp folder
Another very easy method to remove the password from the lock screen is to disable its folder in C drive. Follow the steps below to perform this action.

Go to the “Windows Explorer” and select “C drive” from here.

Click “Windows” folder and scroll down the list to select “SystemApps” folder from here.
Windows Folder Content
Now search for the folder “Microsoft.LockApp_cw5n1h2txyewy” in the list. See the screenshot below to understand well what I am trying to convey.
LockApp in SystemApps folder
Right-click to it and select “Rename” option from the context menu. You do not need to change its name in fact. Just modify the extension “.bak” to disable it and press Enter.

Now you will not encounter any lock screen if your PC is in sleep or idle for some time.

However, when you boot up the PC for the very first time, you will see the lock screen only once. You do not need to add the password every time you make it active after sleep or hibernation.

Method # 3: Use Registry Editor to Disable Lock Screen
If you are an expert Windows user, you can use this method. If you do not have much knowledge about the Registry Editing, do not try this method at all. It will be risky for you.

Right-click the “Start” button to view its WinX menu. Select “Run” box from here. Type “regedit” and press Enter to move ahead.

In the Registry Editor window, click to expand “HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE” and select “SOFTWARE” from here.
Now click “Policies” to expand it.

Here, you will see “Microsoft” folder. Click to expand it and select “Windows” folder.

While remaining in Windows folder, Go to the right pane. Right-click to an empty place and select the “New” option and “Key” from its contextual menu.
Add New Key
It will look like “New Key #1” in the right pane. Right-click to it and select “Rename” from the list. Assign it a name “Personalization” and press Enter.
Personalization Key Added
Now double-click this folder to open it.

When you are in the “Personalization” folder, right-click to an empty place and select “New” and click “DWORD (32-bit) Value” and press Enter to save it in the right pane.

New DWORD Value
Now double-click to change its value. Its value is “0”, and you need to replace it with “1” and click “OK” to save the changes.
Edit NoLockScreen Value Data
It is the permanent solution for your problem. Reboot the system to apply your preferences. Now you will not see the Lock screen password option whenever you boot up the system.

How to Change Language in Windows 10

On a single user PC, it is cool to set your native language. But on a multiuser computer, the language becomes a great issue.

Specifically, their are multi-lingual users. In such conditions, you have two options.

Either to set an international language on the system or use different languages on different users’ accounts. It is a particularly advantageous feature when you are working in a multinational firm where is the mixed nations’ atmosphere.

Moreover, If you have imported a system that has been shipped from another country with a default language that is unknown to you.

Here is how to change a language in Windows 10.
Precaution: You cannot modify the language if you are not logged into the Administrative account. So, log into the Admin account to make these changes in the system.

Now Start following the steps below.

Click the “Start” button and select “Settings” from its menu.

Choose “Time & Language” from Settings menu.

In the left pane, select “Region & Language” to view its content. Now select “Add a Language” from the “Languages” category.

Add New Language
You will be directed towards the languages page where you can choose a language you can add to your system.
Choose a language
After you have made a selection, wait for a while. The system is downloading and installing your desired language. You will see a new language to the languages options as shown in the image below.
New Language Added
You have successfully installed the language. Now, you need to set it as your default language. Follow the steps below to do so.

Click the language you have downloaded and installed. It will show different options below. Select “Set as default” from here.

Now it is your default language.
Set New Language As a Default
Enable location under the “Country/Region” settings. Windows 10 will provide you with the local content by enabling this option.

Now, right-click the “Start” button and select “Control Panel” from there.

Here, select “Language” category to move ahead.

Here, in the right pane, click your desired language. Come to the left pane and select “Advanced Settings” from here.

On the next page, you need to select the option “Apply Language Settings to the Welcome screen, system accounts, and new user accounts” as shown in the image below.

Apply Language Settings to Entire System
Click “Administrative” tab and select “Copy Settings” from here.

Here, you need to check two check boxes given at the bottom “Welcome screen and system accounts”, and the other one is “New user accounts.” Select “OK” to save your preferences.

Check Welcome Screen Option
Reboot the system to apply your desired language to Windows 10 and enjoy using it.